Shared Parental Leave (SPL) gives parents greater flexibility in how they care for their child. SPL allows birth mothers to share a portion of maternity leave and pay with their partners to care for children from birth until their first birthday. SPL can also be used by parents who are adopting or having a baby through surrogacy.
This article provides an guidance on how to share and split up Shared Parental Leave (SPL) and Pay (ShPP). For more information, see our other articles on Shared Parental Leave: Overview and eligibility for leave.
Note: The provisions for adopters and parents of a child born through surrogacy are very similar so for simplicity we only refer in this article to parents (birth parent and partner), which includes same-sex couples. For more information, see our article on Shared Parental Leave for parents using adoption or surrogacy.
How much leave can be shared?
The first 2 weeks of maternity and adoption leave are compulsory for health and safety reasons (4 weeks if they work in a factory). Eligible parents can therefore take up to 50 weeks as Shared Parental Leave (SPL), and up to 37 weeks of Shared Parental Pay (ShPP).
You can take SPL at a different time from your partner/other parent, or at the same time. For example, a woman can be on maternity leave and her partner can be on SPL at the same time.
How and when leave and pay are shared is up to the parents, as long as the leave is taken within the first year after birth of the child. Partners can be on maternity leave and SPL at the same time, or concurrently.
How to ‘create’ Shared Parental Leave
Shared Parental Leave is created when the birth partner ends (‘curtails’) her maternity leave, to create an amount of leave and available to her partner to take as SPL and ShPP.
If the birth parent is not entitled to maternity leave (for instance, she is a worker or is self-employed), she can create SPL by ending her Maternity Allowance early.
The first two weeks of maternity leave are compulsory, so partners can share or split up to 50 weeks of leave, as pictured below.
How to ‘create’ Shared Parental Pay
Shared Parental Pay (ShPP) is also created when the birth partner ends (‘curtails’) her maternity leave and/or maternity pay, to create an amount of leave and available to her partner to take as SPL and ShPP.
The first two weeks of maternity pay are compulsory, so partners can share or split up to 37 weeks of pay, as pictured below.
How leave can be shared
SPL can be taken in any way eligible parents would like, as long as leave is taken within the first year of birth (or adoption) and it is within the rules of the scheme.
- Both parents can use SPL to stay off work at the same time
- Both parents can use SPL and stay off work at different times
- The birth parent can return to work early and take SPL at a later date
- The birth parent can return to work early and her partner can take SPL
The non-birth partner can start their SPL as soon as the child has been born and while the birth parent is still maternity leave, as long as the birth parent has committed to end her leave early (by serving a notice of curtailment on her employer or on Jobcentre Plus if she is receiving Maternity Allowance).
Non-birth partners can take paternity leave before starting their SPL.
For more information on how to book SPL, see our article on notice and booking.
Examples of sharing leave
This section explains some common examples of how partners can share leave.
Example 1: Birth mother returns to work after 39 weeks and shared unpaid leave with partner
This is a common way for partners to share leave. The birth partner takes 39 weeks of leave with pay, and chooses to return to work once the paid portion of maternity leave ends.
If she curtails her maternity leave by 13 weeks, she has up to 13 weeks that she can share with her partner. Her partner can take this leave whenever he would like – either after his paternity leave, or after his partner returns to work.
Example 2: Partners want to share leave equally
This is also a common way for partners to choose to share leave. The birth partner commits to end her maternity leave and pay after 26 weeks, to create an entitlement to 26 weeks of leave and 13 weeks of pay for her partner to take.
Her partner can take this leave at the same time, or after the birth mother returns to work.
Example 3: Partner wants to take leave in ‘blocks’
This is also a common way for partners to choose to share leave. The partners want to share leave equally, and the birth mother ends her maternity leave and pay after 26 weeks, but her partner takes his entitlement in two blocks.
In this example, the partner has taken 13 weeks of SPL and ShPP after paternity leave, and a second block of 13 weeks of unpaid SPL after the birth mother returns to work.
Things to consider when deciding how to share leave
- Do you want to share the caring of your child with your partner in the first year?
- Do you want time off together or separately?
- Do you want to take leave all at once, or in blocks throughout the year, returning to work in between?
- Do you or your partner need to work during the first year for financial reasons?
- Are you are entitled to enhanced maternity pay or is your partner entitled to enhanced parental pay?
Some advantages of taking SPL include:
- It can be shared between partners, allowing them to stay off work at the same time or at different times
- You can return to work, and go back on leave (unlike maternity leave, which cannot be restarted once ended)
- It can be taken in up to three ‘blocks’ (or more if your employer agrees)
- Employees on SPL can work up to 20 ‘SPLIT’, whereas those on maternity leave can only work up to 10 ‘KIT’ days
- An employee can use SPL to take paid holiday during their leave period, to boost their pay while they are off work
This advice applies in England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. If you live in another part of the UK the law may differ. Please call our helpline for more details.
If you have further questions and would like to contact our advice team please use our advice contact form below or call us.